We see cars every day, all around us. When we hop into our vehicles and start the engine, we rarely think twice about the intricate whirlwind of components and technologies that afford us the locomotion we rely on so heavily. Cars are complex machines and although it isn’t necessary for the everyday driver to know the ins and outs of each individual car part, it is helpful to know some basics. As leading auto repair and auto care experts in Kearns Utah, we have garnered some knowledge that we would like to share. Here are the top 10 most common car parts and a brief overview of their functions starting with the obvious:

1. Engine

The engine is the heart of the vehicle and is specially designed to convert oxygen and fuel into mechanical energy that propels you forward. The most common type of engine found in cars today is the internal combustion engine that uses spark plugs to ignite fuel which creates pressure and energy that translates into motion.

2. Transmission

The transmission is an extension of the engine and essentially makes sure that the right amount of power is channeled to the wheels. A typical car transmission is comprised of five to six gear sets that help to control speed. 

3. Battery

As part of the starting system of any vehicle, the battery is a rechargeable unity that ensures your engine starts properly. The battery also provides power for other electrical components of the vehicle when the engine isn’t running.

4. Radiator

The radiator helps to regulate the temperature of the engine by transferring heat from the fluid inside to the air outside. This helps to keep your engine from overheating and ensures that it runs smoothly and keeps cool over an extended period of use. 

5. Alternator

The alternator is essentially an electric generator that charges the battery while the vehicle is running and also helps to power the vehicle when the engine isn’t running. The alternator works in conjunction with the battery and the voltage regulator.

6. Shocks & Struts

Shocks and struts are the principal components of the suspension system and help stabilize a vehicle’s movements. This provides for better control when turning, braking, accelerating or encountering uneven surfaces. 

7. Brakes

By definition, a brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system. The braking system is one of the most important safety features in any car.

8. Catalytic Converter

As part of the exhaust system, the catalytic converter plays a key role in reducing toxic gas and pollutants that enter the air. The internal combustion system releases a number of harmful byproducts which the catalytic converter filters out by catalyzing an important redox reaction.

9. Muffler

The muffler is a device that reduces the noise emitted by the exhaust of an internal combustion engine. The release of this exhaust creates a considerable amount of noise which the muffler significantly mitigates. 

10. Tailpipe

As the final piece of the exhaust system, the tailpipe directs the exhaust gases out and away from the vehicle. From the engine in the front, to the tailpipe in the back, your fuel makes it through the vehicle as efficiently as possible. 

If You Run Into Problems, Pay Us a Visit

From routine oil changes to complete engine repair, our Kearns mechanics have the expertise necessary to address and repair any issues you may have with your vehicle. If you suspect an issue with your vehicle but are unsure, bring it on in for a diagnostic and we’ll be happy to help. Our auto care experts at Master Muffler Kearns will make every effort to save you time and money, sending you back on the road safely.